Cape Town Facts and Figures

Cape Town Facts and Figures


Approximately 3.7 million people live in Cape Town, South Africa’s second most-populated city.

Total area

2, 461 km2

Number of households

1 068 572

Total length of coastline

294 km


South Africa has 11 official languages, though most people can speak English. Afrikaans and Xhosa are also widely spoken in Cape Town and the Western Cape.


Cape Town has a climate similar to that of California and the Mediterranean. Winter starts in June and ends in September and is generally a wet and windy season. Temperatures are cool and tend to range between 7°C (45°F) and 17°C (63°F). Summer lasts from November to March and temperatures range between 19°C (66°F) and 35°C (95°F). The summer season is usually hot and sunny. It can be windy, but it doesn’t bring much rain.

GDP contribution

R203,581 million

Unemployment rate



Cape Town lies in the GMT +2 time zone and does not have daylight saving time.

Monetary information

The currency is the Rand (ZAR). The South African exchange rate is favourable to most currencies, including the pound, euro and dollar. Most restaurants, shops and hotels accept international credit cards. Value added tax, or VAT, is 14% and is included in the price of all items, but can be claimed by foreign visitors when leaving the country.


Mayor of Cape Town: Patricia de Lille (Democratic Alliance)

Premier of the Western Cape: Helen Zille (Democratic Alliance)

Cape Town is the legislative capital of South Africa

South Africa’s Parliament sits in Cape Town


Cape Town was officially founded in 1652 when Jan van Riebeeck of the Dutch East India Company, based in The Netherlands, arrived to set up a halfway point for ships travelling to the East.

Portuguese explorers arrived in the Cape in the 15th Century and Khoisan people inhabited the area prior to European arrival.

Indigenous plant species

More than 3 350 (over 190 endemic and 450 threatened/red list)

Number of international and domestic tourists to Cape Town

International: 1.2 million

Domestic: 2.7 million


Country code: 0027

City code: 021


Visa requirements depend on nationality, but all foreign visitors are required to hold a valid passport. South Africa requires a valid yellow fever certificate from all foreign visitors and citizens over one year of age travelling from an infected area or having been in transit through infected areas.

For visa requirements, please contact your nearest South African diplomatic mission.

Fast facts

  • Cape Town is the capital of the Western Cape
  • Cape Town is twinned with London, Buenos Aires, Nice, San Francisco and several other international cities
  • Cape Town’s world famous Table Mountain is one of the official New7Wonders of Nature. At its highest point, Table Mountain reaches 1 085m (3 560ft) and affords views all the way to Robben Island and beyond
  • the Cape Town Stadium was built ahead of the 2010 FIFA World Cup and hosted eight soccer matches during the tournament, including the semi-final between Uruguay and The Netherlands. (The Netherlands won the game 3-2.)
  • the world’s first heart transplant was performed by Dr Christiaan Barnard in Cape Town in 1967
  • famous Capetonians include Nobel literature laureate JM Coetzee, singer Brenda Fassie, swimmer Natalie du Toit and entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth

Cape Town is home to the world’s largest individually timed cycle race, the Cape Town Cycle Tour.

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Taking place in Cape Town, South Africa, nearly 5000 travel industry professionals attend Africa’s leading and only business to business (B2B) exhibition for inbound and outbound Africa travel and tourism markets.

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